What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder and is caused by neurological dysfunction in various parts of the brain which results in certain neurotransmitters such also dopamine and noradrenaline. ADHD is a treatable condition and those who received treatment can go on to have successful and happy lives.
Understanding the signs of ADHD
Typically, ADHD is described as being made up of three core groups of difficulties and behaviours. There are two subtypes of ADHD that can be diagnosed
1. The Predominantly Inattentive Subtype (Attention Deficit Disorder)
Typically, children whom receive a diagnosis of ADD display difficulties with attention, are distractible and typically their short term memory and learning are affected. Common symptoms of inattentiveness:
- High levels of distractibility
- Inability to complete a task without redirection and help from others
- Slow to complete work
- Difficulties remembering instructions
- Difficulty completing homework
2. The predominantly Hyperactive Subtype:
Typically, children whom receive a diagnosis of having the predominantly hyperactive subtype of ADHD typically present as being; impulsive, have poor self-monitoring, have reduced danger awareness and they also experience social difficulties.
for example; difficulties with turn-taking in conversation and difficulties in maintaining friendships.
Common symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity:
- Lots of energy
- Reduced concentration
- Difficulty staying on topic in conversation
- Talking over others in conversations
- Difficulties remaining on topic in conversations
- Difficulties remaining on tasks any length of time
- Running and climbing are lots
- Problems making and retaining friends
- Being impulsive
- Difficulties learning from consequences
- Shouting out in class
3. The combined type of both ADHD / ADD – most children fall into this category and display a combination above indicators.
Assessment of ADHD /ADD
The assessment of ADHD is typically completed by a psychologist or psychiatrist and is inclusive of;
- A parental clinical interview
- An assessment of emotional and behavioural functioning
- Assessment of learning
- Teacher interview
- School observation
- The completion of questionnaires
- The Insight Centre clinicians are very experienced in the assessment of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder and this assessment
- falls under the costing of a general clinical psychology assessment.
Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder / Attention Deficit Disorder
If your child has been assessed, then a psychologist can indicate whether their difficulties are consistent with a diagnosis of ADHD. Typically, children whom receive a diagnosis can be seen by (CAMHS) Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Once in services, children can receive medication from a psychiatrist, should their parents want to go down this route.
Alternatively, psychological support and intervention is available to help support children and families. The Insight Centre provide psychological support to children and their families whom have a diagnosis of ADHD / ADD, and school support is also available.
Available therapies at The Insight Centre for Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder include:
- Parental Support and Education
- Individual Therapy
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Speech and Language Therapy
- School Based Interventions